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Yeshua in Context » Background to Gospels, Hebrew Bible as Testimony » Testimonies to Yeshua in the Hebrew Bible

Testimonies to Yeshua in the Hebrew Bible

Many scholars think that during the time between the life of Yeshua and the writing of the gospels there were various collections, oral and perhaps written, of sayings, maybe deeds, and perhaps of source texts related to Yeshua from the Hebrew Bible. Certain texts from the Israelite prophets, Torah, and Psalms came to be associated with various aspects of Yeshua’s life. Some people have wrongly thought of these as part of a collection of “Messianic prophecies,” as if the Hebrew Bible intended to detail a coming figure with prophetic foretellings. That picture is simplistic. But it is interesting to see the main texts and how the gospels use them.

ISAIAH 40:3 A voice cries: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
Mark 2:3 (with Malachi 3:1)
Matthew 3:3
Luke 3:4 (Isa 40:3-5)
John 1:23

ZECHARIAH 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! Lo, your king comes to you; triumphant and victorious is he, humble and riding on an ass, on a colt the foal of an ass.
Matthew 21:5
John 12:15

ISAIAH 6:9-10 Go, and say to this people: ‘Hear and hear, but do not understand; see and see, but do not perceive.’ Make the heart of this people fat, and their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.
Matthew 13:14-15
John 12:40 (with Isa 53:1)

PSALM 22:19 (18) they divide my garments among them, and for my raiment they cast lots.
John 19:24
Not recorded in the three synoptic gospels, but all three record the event.

ISAIAH 29:13 And the Lord said: “Because this people draw near with their mouth and honor me with their lips, while their hearts are far from me, and their fear of me is a commandment of men learned by rote…
Mark 7:6-7
Matthew 15:8-9

ISAIAH 56:7 (with JEREMIAH 7:11) for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples…Has this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes?
Mark 11:17
Matthew 21:13
Luke 19:46

PSALM 118:22-23 The stone which the builders rejected has become the head of the corner. This is the Lord’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes.
Mark 12:10-11
Matthew 21:42
Luke 20:17

PSALM 110:1 The Lord says to my lord: “Sit at my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool.”
Mark 12:36
Matthew 22:44
Luke 20:42-43

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